DESCRIPTION OF THE REGISTRANT’S SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12 OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
As of December 31, 2022, the registrant, ProFrac Holding Corp., a Delaware corporation (the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our”) had registered under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (i) its Class A common stock, and (ii) certain warrants for the purchase of Class A common stock.
Description of Our Class A Common Stock
The following summary is not complete and should be read together with our certificate of incorporation (as amended and restated, the “Certificate of Incorporation”) and bylaws (as amended and restated, the “Bylaws”), which are incorporated by reference as exhibits to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of which this Exhibit is a part, and with the provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”).
Number of Authorized Shares. Our Certificate of Incorporation authorizes the issuance of 1,000,000,000 shares of common stock divided into 600,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Class A Common Stock”), and 400,000,000 shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Class B Common Stock” and, together with the Class A Common Stock, our “Common Stock”). An additional 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Preferred Stock”), are also authorized under our Certificate of Incorporation. Only the shares of Class A Common Stock are registered under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act, as amended. Except as otherwise provided in our Certificate of Incorporation, Shares of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock have identical rights and privileges.
The number of authorized shares of our Class A Common Stock, Class B Common Stock or Preferred Stock may be increased or decreased (but not below the number of shares thereof then outstanding) by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of stock entitled to vote thereon, and no vote of the holders of our Class A Common Stock, Class B Common Stock or Preferred Stock, or of any series thereof, voting separately as a class shall be required therefor, irrespective of the provisions of Section 242(b)(2) of the DGCL (or any successor provisions thereto).
No Preemptive Rights. No stockholder shall, by reason of holding the shares of any class or series of our capital stock, have any preemptive or preferential rights to acquire or subscribe for any shares or securities of any class (whether now or hereafter authorized), which may at any time be issued, sold or offered for sale by the Company, unless specifically provided for in the terms of a series of Preferred Stock.
Voting Rights. Holders of our Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock vote together as a single class on all matters presented to the stockholders, except as otherwise provided in our Certificate of Incorporation or as otherwise required under the DGCL. There are no cumulative voting rights in the election of directors.
Dividend Rights. Holders of shares of our Class A Common Stock are entitled to receive ratably, in proportion to the number of shares of Class A Common Stock held, such dividends and distributions (payable in cash, stock or otherwise), if any, as may be declared by the Company’s board of directors (the “Board”) at any time and from time to time out of funds of the Company legally available for that purpose, subject to any prior rights and preferences, if any, applicable to shares of Preferred Stock or any series thereof.
Liquidation Rights. In the event of any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, following the distribution of the preferential amounts, if any, to the holders of shares of Preferred Stock or any series thereof, the holders of shares of Class A Common Stock are entitled to receive the remaining assets of the Company as may be available for distribution to stockholders, ratably in proportion to the number of shares of Class A Common Stock held.
Anti-takeover effects of provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation, our Bylaws and Delaware law
Some provisions of Delaware law, our Certificate of Incorporation and our Bylaws make more difficult the removal of our incumbent officers and directors, or the acquisition of the Company by a third party by means of a tender
offer, a proxy contest or otherwise. These provisions may also have the effect of preventing changes in our management. It is possible that these provisions could make it more difficult to accomplish or could deter transactions that stockholders may otherwise consider to be in their best interest or in our best interests, including transactions that might result in a premium over the market price for our shares.
These provisions, summarized below, are expected to discourage coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids. These provisions are also designed to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to first negotiate with us. We believe that the benefits of increased protection and our potential ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal to acquire or restructure us outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging these proposals because, among other things, negotiation of these proposals could result in an improvement of their terms.
Section 203 of the DGCL prohibits a Delaware corporation, including those whose securities are listed for trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, from engaging in any business combination (as defined in Section 203 of the DGCL) with any interested stockholder (as defined in Section 203 of the DGCL) for a period of three years following the date that the stockholder became an interested stockholder, unless:
A corporation may elect not to be subject to Section 203 of the DGCL. We have elected to not be subject to the provisions of Section 203 of the DGCL.
ProFrac’s Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws
Provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws may delay or discourage transactions involving an actual or potential change in control or change in our management, including transactions in which stockholders might otherwise receive a premium for their shares, or transactions that our stockholders might otherwise deem to be in their best interests. Therefore, these provisions could adversely affect the price of our Class A Common Stock.
Among other things our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws:
Reference is made to that certain Form 8-A filed by the Company with the SEC on November 1, 2022. The following summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the description of the registered securities set forth in Item 1 of the aforementioned Form 8-A, which is incorporated herein by reference.
Upon consummation of the acquisition of U.S. Well Services, Inc. (“USWS”) by the Company on November 1, 2022, certain warrants previously issued by USWS were assumed by the Company and converted into rights to receive, upon valid exercise thereof, shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock (the “Warrants”). A Warrant holder may exercise its Warrants only for a whole number of shares of our Class A Common Stock. The Warrants will expire on November 9, 2023, at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.
We may call the Warrants for Redemption:
If we call the Warrants for redemption as described above, we will have the option to require all holders that wish to exercise Warrants to do so on a “cashless basis.” If we take advantage of this option, each holder would pay the exercise price by surrendering the Warrants for that number of shares of the Class A Common Stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the product of the number of shares of the Class A Common Stock underlying such Warrants, multiplied by the difference between the exercise price of such Warrants and the “fair market value” (defined below) by (y) the fair market value. The “fair market value” shall mean the average reported last sale price of the Class A Common Stock for the 10 trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the notice of redemption is sent to the holders of Warrants.
The exercise price, the redemption price and number of shares of Class A Common Stock issuable on exercise of the outstanding Warrants may be adjusted in certain circumstances including in the event of a stock dividend, stock split, extraordinary dividend, or recapitalization, reorganization, merger or consolidation. However, the exercise price and number of Class A Common Stock issuable on exercise of the Warrants will not be adjusted for issuances of Class A Common Stock at a price below the Warrant exercise price.
As of December 31, 2022, a total of 19,167,417 Warrants were outstanding, entitling their holders to purchase an aggregate of 153,613 shares of Class A Common Stock.